There were several causes for the outbreak that the Russian Revolution. The climate prevailing problem of Russia was largely responsible for the revolution.

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1. Autocratic ascendancy of the Czars:

Czar Alexander II carried some reforms in Russia and became famous amongst all. Yet after the Czar Alexander III and also Czar Nicholas II came to be despotic. Throughout their reign the political organisations like-Meer, Jemstvo and Duma had lost their political powers. The Czarist autocracy flamed the fire that unrest among the labourers, peasants, intellectuals and students that Russia. In course of time, public unrest boosted in Russia. Thus, hatred towards the Czardom began.


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2. The plan of Russification:

Czar Alexander III to be not only a despotic ruler but he also followed the plan of Russification of every the systems. His son Czar Nicholas II additionally followed his policy. He claimed ‘One Czar, One Church, One Russia’. According to this Policy, of the Czarist rule, just the Catholic religion and also the Russian language were presented in Russia.

Even in Poland, Lithuania and Finland and other non- Russian regions which to be under the Russian domination, the Russian language was introduced. ~ above the other hands, the students of these regions were not permitted to check out in the Russian Schools and Colleges. This Russification plan of Czar Nicholas II developed an environment of unrest in the whole of Russia.

3. The social System:

The Russian culture was split into two classes prior to the Revolution. They were the rich and the poor. The nobles, feudal lords and also the affluent belonged come the well-off class. The peasants, labourers and serfs belonged come the bad class. These cultures were imbalanced. No class could it is in happy. Czar Alexander II emancipated the ‘Serfdom’.


The feudal lords to be annoyed as they had lost their lands. The Liberated Serfs became depressed together they could not get lands past their hope. The labourers and workers ended up being unable come live their resides as lock got very low wages. The slaves ended up being unhappy together they had actually got an extremely low salary.

The peasants were the the happiest class. The political parties ended up being unhappy as they were debarred from every the privileges. The world of every sections that the society were fading of with the Czarist rule.

4. The rise of Nihilism:

The rise of Nihilism affected the Russian revolution of 1917. The preachers of Nihilism come forward to damage the prevailing rule, society and spiritual faith and to produce a new world. Its chief aim was the downfall that Czardom in Russia. They influenced the people through your organisations to ruin the prevailing mechanism of Russia. This created a an ideal environment for the Russian Revolution.

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5. Influence of industrial Revolution:

The Industrial transformation helped to flame the fire of revolution in Russia. In the building of Trans-Siberia and Trans-Caspian, in railways, numerous workers of Russia were engaged. After ~ the construction of these two railways, many factories were established in Russia with number of ‘Labour Organisations’. In course of time, awareness increased among the labourers and also they dreamt to cost-free Russia indigenous the clutches the Czardom.


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