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over the last 5 centuries, Russia and Europe have been very closely interconnected politically, economically and culturally. Particularly from the 18th century onward, the relationship between Russia and also other european countries and societies extended past dynastic links, politics alliances, economic trade and individual cultural transfers. The relationship in between Russia and Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries was identified by a high level of social interconnection. End the past three centuries, Russia and also Europe were observed and commented top top in relation to one an additional in travelogues, the press, literature, the ideology of history and historiography. Thus, comparisons in between the 2 regions need to be included into a history of reciprocal perceptions and also interactions.

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In the historiography, the subject of "Russia and Europe" has actually a heritage of that is own. The relenten of this relationship arisen in consistent correspondence through politics, the push and also mythical motifs, and reflected an altering cognitive maps that Russia and Europe. In the first half the the 19th century, the university self-controls of history, Slavic languages, and also geography brought an finish to the european perception the Russia as being in north Europe. These disciplines, but also popular publishing, now located Russia in the east of Europe.1 This developed the cognitive map on i m sorry the university technique of "eastern europe history" – which arised in the late 19th century at first in Berlin and Vienna – located Russia.2 However, opinion concerning the positioning of Russia v regard to the present and background of Europe was not only necessary in Europe. For Russian historians in the 19th century, it was equally central. From 1818 onward, Nikolai M. Karamzin (1766–1826) published a background of the Russian state in i beg your pardon he illustrated the introduction of autocracy together being unique and specific to Russia top top the one hand, while on the other hand describing the background of Russia as being that equal importance to the national histories of various other European states.3 Sergei M. Solovev (1820–1879) regarded Russian background from a Hegelian perspective as adhering to a general pattern of progression which can be it was observed in world history – but under especially Russian conditions. In the substantial territory the Russia, that argued, historic processes move at a slow pace 보다 in the smaller sized spaces of Europe.4 In his an extensive account that Russian history, Vasilii O.

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Kliuchevskii (1841–1911) discussed that even prior to Peter the great (1672–1725, reigned 1682/1689–1725)<Versammlung bei Peter I. (1672–1725) IMGwhat were three differences between russia and western europe