This class is taken indigenous the Authority section of Foundations the Democracy: Authority, Privacy, Responsibility, and Justice.

Purpose of Lesson

In this lesson you will discover some uses of authority. Friend will examine a instance in which there is no effective authority and identify troubles which the lack of government creates. When you have completed this lesson friend should be able to explain exactly how authority deserve to be supplied to attend to these problems.

Terms come KnowbenefitscostsWhat can happen if there to be no authority?

Think of all the rule you follow every day. Climate think around all the human being in government who occasionally tell girlfriend what come do. It could seem to you the there are too many rules. There may even seem to be too many human being in authority. however have you ever wondered what can happen if there to be no rules and no civilization in authority? What would happen if some world started causing trouble? What if jobs didn"t acquire done that had actually to it is in done? who would settle disagreements or defend people"s rights? who would run the government? would certainly there also be a government?

What execute you think?

Imagine that you wake up one morning and find there is no longer any type of authority. Every rules, laws, police, courts, teachers, principals, and governments have actually disappeared.

What problems might arise?How would certainly you safeguard your rights?Would you even have any rights?Critical reasoning ExerciseIdentifying offers of Authority

The complying with is an excerpt from mark Twain"s Roughing It, a story around the Old West. Twain writes around a time when civilization often take it the law into their very own hands. As you review this excerpt, think about what problems arose because there to be a lack of efficient authority.

Roughing It

The devil seems to have again broken loosened in our town. Pistols and also guns explode and knives gleam in our roads as in early on times. As soon as there has been a long season of quiet, world are slow to wet their hands in blood; however once blood is spilled, cutting and shooting come easy. Night prior to last Jack Williams to be assassinated, and yesterday forenoon we had much more bloody work, growing out that the killing of Williams, and also on the exact same street in which he met his death. It appears that Tom Reeder, a friend of Williams, and George Gumbert to be talking, at the meat sector of the latter, about the killing of Williams the vault night, once Reeder stated it to be a most cowardly act come shoot a guy in such a way, providing him "no show." Gumbert attracted a knife and also stabbed Reeder, cutting him in two areas in the back. Reeder taken right into the office of Dr. Owens, wherein his wounds were appropriately dressed. considerably under the influence of liquor, Reeder did not feel his wounds together he otherwise would, and also he got up and also went right into the street.

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How deserve to the absence of government endanger lives, liberty, and property?

He went to the meat market and renewed his quarrel v Gumbert, threatening his life. After these risks Gumbert go off and also procured a double-barreled shooting gun. At the moment that this occurred, there to be a good many persons on the street in the vicinity, and a number of them called out to Gumbert once they experienced him progressive his gun, come "hold on," and also "don"t shoot!" after ~ the shooting, the street was instantly overfilled with citizens of that part of the town, some appearing much excited and laughing; advertising that the looked choose the "good old times of "60."...It to be whispered approximately that it to be not all over yet; five or six much more were to be killed prior to night.

Examining the SituationWhat problems emerged in the town because there to be no efficient authority?What perform you think? How might authority be used to address these problems? room there similar problems in our culture owing come a lack of authority?What could be excellent to settle them?How can we use authority?

You have actually just read about what can take place when over there is no efficient authority. Life in the Old West, as Twain defined it, occasionally was violent and also dangerous. Authority can be offered to safeguard our civil liberties to life, liberty, and also property.

Authority can be supplied to provide order and security in people"s lives. For example, air traffic controllers prevent accidents and administer safety for airplane passengers. Authority have the right to be used to manage conflict peacefully and also fairly. Because that example, umpires are supplied to referee baseball games and solve disputes that may occur. Courts control conflicts amongst people over property and also other matters. Authority have the right to be provided to protect necessary rights and also freedoms. For example: the an initial Amendment of the structure protects our freedom of expression and belief. Authority can be supplied to ensure that benefits (advantages) and burdens (disadvantages) will be distributed fairly. For example: laws ensure the all kids have an possibility to get a complimentary public education; parents might require each of their kids to aid with family members chores.Critical thinking ExerciseIdentifying difficulties Related to Authority

As you review this story, look for difficulties that contact for the usage of authority. Then answer the inquiries that follow.

A problem at Pacific main High

As Alicia Hampton sprinted across the end up line, the crowd went wild. She had actually just operation the final leg of the girls" 400-meter relay race in document time. That race had provided Pacific central High School enough points to victory the first state track championship in i m sorry both boys and also girls competed. ~ above the method back come Pacific main High, a couple of members the the team noticed their coach staring out the home window of the college bus. "What room you reasoning about, Mrs. Reed?" among them asked. "Why aren"t friend celebrating like everyone else?" "I was just thinking about how different things were the year I began teaching at Pacific main High," she answered. "We won the state championship the year, too. But the just girls on the ar then were cheerleaders." "Wasn"t there a girls" track team in those days, Mrs. Reed?" someone else asked. "Oh, there was one," she answered. "But we didn"t get to go through the boys to the state championship. Us were lucky if we could get sufficient parents to drive united state over to Porterville for a meet. Girls" groups took a earlier seat come boys" groups in those days. There was hardly any kind of money left in the spending plan for the girls" strong program." "I was the girls" coach then. Uneven the boys" coach, i was only paid because that teaching during school hours. Ns didn"t obtain paid because that coaching the teams after school. I was asked come volunteer because that the job. Our team might only use the track after the boys had actually finished. Because we never knew exactly when that would be, we had to wait about a lot. We generally finished practicing ~ dark. That, an unified with the hand-me-down tools we had actually to use, led to plenty of injuries." by this time others were listening come the conversation. Among them asked, "Why did points change?" "Congress pass a law. It needs schools the receive federal government money to offer both boys and girls equal opportunities in all college programs. Most schools get money native the commonwealth government, for this reason the legislation made points change. When world from the State room of Education started checking the schools, the instance improved also more." "Well, if what you to speak is true, why go the girls" basketball team only get to usage the gym double a week?" inquiry Alicia. "And why don"t we have a gymnastic team? I recognize a many girls who would favor to contend in that sport." "I heard the girls" coaches don"t obtain paid as much as boys" coaches," Bonnie added. "That doesn"t seem fair." "There"s still room because that improvement," Mrs. Reed said. "But at least we"re recording up.


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Now let"s celebrate. After ~ all, we won the state championship!"