POPE FRANCIS and RABBI RICCARDO DI SEGNI, THE chief RABBI that ROME, host A CODEX CONTAINING 5 PAGES of JEWISH BIBLICAL COMMENTARY during THE POPE’S VISIT to THE main SYNAGOGUE IN ROME JAN. 17. THE 14TH CENTURY CODEX to be THE POPE’S GIFT come THE JEWISH community OF ROME. AP PHOTO: CATHOLIC NEWS SERVICE
POPE FRANCIS EXCHANGES presents WITH AHMAD EL-TAYEB, grand IMAM the EGYPT’S AL-AZHAR MOSQUE and UNIVERSITY, during A private MEETING at THE VATICAN may 23. AP PHOTO: CATHOLIC NEWS SERVICE
In spite of plenty of distinct distinctions in the details in between Judaism, Christianity and also Islam, these very disparate faiths also share many typical elements.
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“If you really research the civilization religions objectively prefer a scientist or sociologist, in its entirety you would check out that there are an ext close similarities between Judaism, Christianity and also Islam — although over there are big differences — yet there are much more similarities between the three, and there room fewer similarity or slightly more differences v the various other eastern human being religions,” claims Father Felix Just, S.J., executive, management director that the Loyola Institute because that Spirituality in Orange.
The 2 most basic commonalities are that every three space monotheistic and likewise share a typical spiritual ancestor.
“All 3 religions have the right to be traced back to Abraham himself,” states Father Quan Tran, parochial vicar for the Office that Ecumenical and Interreligious Affairs for the Diocese. “Abraham is thought about the dad of the faith, so all
Abraham rejected the worshipping that false idols and polytheism the was typical during his time.
“When us talk around God, there is one God that we deserve to all agree on,” states Father Just. “For Judaism and Islam, that one God is the one and only God and cannot be differentiated further. Whereas through Christians, one God is a community of persons consisted of of the Father, Son and also Holy Spirit.”
Father simply regularly teaches in the Catholic bible Institutes the the Archdiocese that Los Angeles, the Diocese of san Bernardino and the Diocese that Orange.
Each the the three id systems can additionally agree on the principle of revelation.
“All three believe that God communicates to the world,” defines Father Just. “That God reveals his will to people over the course of time with prophets who speak on instead of of God. The prophets space the spokespersons for God.”
Furthermore, all three think in a prophecy that has been created down. The Abrahamic religious beliefs are likewise sometimes described as the religious beliefs of the book.
“Each have actually some written bibles that are an extremely foundational,” claims Father Just. “All believe in prophecy and written scriptures, however which scripture and which prophet is where disagreement exists. Various other religions also use composed texts however they no valued in quite the same method as gift the revelation of God together in the 3 religions.”
The three Abrahamic faiths likewise share a belief in a personable God v prayer.
“All three agree the we technique God with our praise and also petition and thanksgiving. The rituals are different in the details but the bigger in its entirety structure is the they all include some sort of use of scripture,” says Father Just.
Also vital in every three faiths is the principle of fasting and feasting. Many Christians fast throughout Lent and have a good celebration top top Easter. The Jews fast during Yom Kippur and additionally have great feast days the involve the share of food choose the Passover meal. Muslims fast throughout Ramadan and also celebrate with an excellent feasts in ~ the end of your fasting. However, the details on the factor for fasting and what are celebrated and also for just how long are different with each religion.
Each the the religions likewise emphasize the famous gold Rule: execute unto others, together you would have them perform unto you. In addition, charity is also an essential element among the 3 faiths.
Another commonality is the belief in spirituality beings that act together intercessors in between humans and also God.
“Most Jews, many Christians and most Muslims believe in angels in the feeling of there being various other intermediary spirituality beings,” says Father Just.
The function of women in faith is also an extremely important amongst the faiths.
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“In particular, Christianity and Islam very value Mary,” claims Father Just. “Mary is called most commonly in the whole Quran, an ext than any kind of of the women about the time that Mohammed. She is the most revered as a mrs of faith. Although mary is no as revered in Judaism, other comparable women of belief in the Old Testament room valued together well.”
Despite the dramatic differences in spiritual beliefs, there are many much more to include to the perform of commonalities among the Abrahamic religions.
“I think a lot of times we tend to focus on what renders us different rather 보다 what unites us,” says Father Tran, whose office serves together a source to Bishop Vann and also the Diocese in an recurring dialogue v Christian churches and also non-Christian religions in the community. “There’s other different about each the us, something unique around our religion, ours practice, our faith and we tend to emphasis on that quite than what we have actually in common. Us forget that we have much more in usual than we carry out that divides us.”