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Chapter 9 – necessary Compounds of Oxygen

Opening Essay

9.1 development to Compounds the Contain Oxygen

9.2 Alcohols and Phenols

Classification of AlcoholsProperties the AlcoholsGlycolsPhenols

9.3 Ethers

Properties of Ethers

9.4 Aldehydes and also Ketones

Properties the Aldehydes and also KetonesAldehydesKetonesBoiling Points and also SolubilityAldehydes and also Ketones in Nature

9.5 Carboxylic Acids and also Esters

Properties the Carboxylic Acids and EstersCarboxylic AcidsEstersBoiling Points, melt Points and also SolubilityCommonly provided Carboxylic Acids and Esters

9.6 reaction of Oxygen-Containing Compounds

AlcoholsDehydration (Elimination) ReactionsOxidation ReactionsAldehydes and KetonesOxidation ReactionsReduction ReactionsAddition Reactions v Alcohols (Hemiacetals and also Hemiketals)Reactions that form Acetals or KetalsCarboxylic Acids
The acidity of Carboxylic AcidsCarboxylic Acids and also the development of SaltsFormation the Esters indigenous Carboxylic Acids and AlcoholsHydrolysis the Esters

9.7 chapter Summary

9.8 References

Opening Essay


Photo By: A. Savin

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9.1 introduction to Compounds that Contain Oxygen

In this thing you will certainly be presented to the major organic functional groups that save oxygen. This consists of alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, and esters. Number 9.1 provides the an easy organic functional groups for these compounds and also the IUPAC suffix the is offered to surname these compounds. While you will certainly not need to formally name complete structures, you should be able to identify practical groups included within compounds based on their IUPAC names. Because that example, an alcohol is an necessary compound with a hydroxyl (-OH) functional group on an aliphatic carbon atom. Because -OH is the functional team of all alcohols, we often represent alcohols by the general formula ROH, whereby R is one alkyl group. The IUPAC nomenclature guidelines use the suffix ‘-ol’ come denote simple compounds the contain alcohols. An instance is ethanol (CH3CH2OH).

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Figure 9.1 usual Organic Functional groups that contain Oxygen. The IUPAC suffixes used in naming straightforward organic molecules are listed in the chart

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9.2 Alcohols and Phenols

Classification that Alcohols

Some the the properties and reactivity that alcohols rely on the variety of carbon atom attached to the specific carbon atom the is attached to the -OH group. Alcohols have the right to be grouped right into three classes on this basis.

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Properties of Alcohols

Alcohols can be thought about derivatives the water (H2O; also written together HOH).

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