house » Student sources » virtual Chemistry Textbooks » CH105: customer Chemistry » CH105: chapter 9 – organic Compounds the OxygenMenuDegrees & program BackBachelor the Science level in ChemistryStudent resources BackStudent activities BackPeople Back
Chapter 9 – necessary Compounds of Oxygen
9.1 development to Compounds the Contain Oxygen
9.2 Alcohols and PhenolsClassification of AlcoholsProperties the AlcoholsGlycolsPhenols
9.3 EthersProperties of Ethers
9.4 Aldehydes and also KetonesProperties the Aldehydes and also KetonesAldehydesKetonesBoiling Points and also SolubilityAldehydes and also Ketones in Nature
9.5 Carboxylic Acids and also EstersProperties the Carboxylic Acids and EstersCarboxylic AcidsEstersBoiling Points, melt Points and also SolubilityCommonly provided Carboxylic Acids and Esters
9.6 reaction of Oxygen-Containing CompoundsAlcoholsDehydration (Elimination) ReactionsOxidation ReactionsAldehydes and KetonesOxidation ReactionsReduction ReactionsAddition Reactions v Alcohols (Hemiacetals and also Hemiketals)Reactions that form Acetals or KetalsCarboxylic Acids
The acidity of Carboxylic AcidsCarboxylic Acids and also the development of SaltsFormation the Esters indigenous Carboxylic Acids and AlcoholsHydrolysis the Esters
9.7 chapter Summary
Photo By: A. Savin
Back to the Top
9.1 introduction to Compounds that Contain Oxygen
In this thing you will certainly be presented to the major organic functional groups that save oxygen. This consists of alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, and esters. Number 9.1 provides the an easy organic functional groups for these compounds and also the IUPAC suffix the is offered to surname these compounds. While you will certainly not need to formally name complete structures, you should be able to identify practical groups included within compounds based on their IUPAC names. Because that example, an alcohol is an necessary compound with a hydroxyl (-OH) functional group on an aliphatic carbon atom. Because -OH is the functional team of all alcohols, we often represent alcohols by the general formula ROH, whereby R is one alkyl group. The IUPAC nomenclature guidelines use the suffix ‘-ol’ come denote simple compounds the contain alcohols. An instance is ethanol (CH3CH2OH).
You are watching: Which functional group does not contain oxygen
Figure 9.1 usual Organic Functional groups that contain Oxygen. The IUPAC suffixes used in naming straightforward organic molecules are listed in the chart
Back to the Top
9.2 Alcohols and PhenolsClassification that Alcohols
Some the the properties and reactivity that alcohols rely on the variety of carbon atom attached to the specific carbon atom the is attached to the -OH group. Alcohols have the right to be grouped right into three classes on this basis.
See more: Origin Of A Watched Pot Never Boils Origin + 9 Examples, A Watched Pot Never Boils
Properties of Alcohols
Alcohols can be thought about derivatives the water (H2O; also written together HOH).