University that Wisconsin-Stevens point > CNR associated Programs > Wisconsin K-12 Energy education and learning Program > power Education: Concepts and also Practices > ar B: energy Transfer
​ Unit 2: Energy Rules!

Section B. Power Transfer

Energy Transfer

The two ways that energy can be transferred are by act work and by warm transfer.

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Doing Work 

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Energy deserve to be moved from one thing to another by law work. To do work-related requires that an agent exert a force on an object over a distance. When work-related is done, energy is transferred from the certified dealer to the object, which outcomes in a adjust in the object's motion (more specifics a adjust in the object's kinetic energy). 

An instance of how Doing work Transfers power from One thing to Another

Suppose that a human (the agent) exerts a force on a wheelbarrow (the object) that is at first at rest, resulting in it to move over a certain distance. Recall that the occupational done ~ above the wheelbarrow by the human being is equal to the product that the person's pressure multiplied through the distance traveled through the wheelbarrow. An alert that once the pressure is exerted ~ above the wheelbarrow, there's a adjust in that is motion. That kinetic energy increases. But where walk the wheelbarrow get its kinetic energy? It came from the human being exerting the force, who provided chemical power stored in the food they ate to relocate the wheelbarrow. In various other words, when the person did job-related on the wheelbarrow, they transferred a specific amount that chemical power to the wheelbarrow, leading to it come move. Together a result, the person's save of chemical energy decreases and the wheelbarrow's kinetic energy increases.

Heat Transfer 

Heat is the transfer of power from a warmer thing to a cooler object. Because that example, a lighted enhance (higher temperature object) will certainly transfer heat to a large pan filled v lukewarm water (lower temperature object). Keep in mind that the actual amount of thermal power each object has actually doesn't matter, as the pan that lukewarm water might have much more thermal power than the match. What is required for warmth transfer come take location is a difference in temperature between 2 objects. There is no this difference, no warmth transfer have the right to take place.

Heat deserve to be moved in three ways: by conduction, by convection, and by radiation.

Conduction is the carry of power from one molecule to one more by direct contact. This move occurs when molecules hit against each other, similar to a video game of pool where one moving ball strikes another, causing the 2nd to move. Conduction takes place in solids, liquids, and gases, but works best in products that have an easy molecules that are located close to each other. Because that example, metal is a far better conductor than wood or plastic.

Convection is the movement of warm by a fluid such together water or air. The fluid (liquid or gas) moves from one location to another, transporting heat along with it. This movement of a fixed of cook water or waiting is dubbed a current.

Radiation is the deliver of warm by electromagnetic waves. When you stand in the sun, you room warmed by the electromagnetic waves, greatly infrared radiation (and come a lesser extent, visible light), the travels indigenous the sun to Earth. In addition to the sun, irradiate bulbs, irons, and toasters likewise transfer warmth via radiation. Note that, unequal conduction or convection, heat transfer by radiation does no need any type of matter to assist with the transfer.

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You can detect evidence of heat transfer. You might see the wait shimmering end a radiator (convection), put your hand on a heat spoon that's to be sitting in a hot bowl that soup (conduction), or notice that the sun shine feels warm on her skin (radiation). If you need proof of thermal energy or warm in her life, simply feel her arm. Her body generates warm 24 hrs a day! (Taken from KEEP power Education activity Guide "Exploring Heat").