Recognize a subordinate clause as soon as you uncover one.

You are watching: Which of the following is a subordinate clause?

A subordinate clause—also referred to as a dependent clause—will start with a low grade conjunction or a family member pronoun. Prefer allclauses, that will have both asubject and also a verb.

This mix of words will not form acomplete sentence. It will rather make a reader want additional information to finish the thought.

Here is a perform of low grade conjunctions:

Subordinate Conjunctions
afteralthoughasas ifas lengthy asas soon asas thoughbecausebeforeeven ifeven thoughhowifin casein order thatinsofar asjust asno issue hownow thatonceprovided thatrather thansinceso thatthanthatthoughtillunlessuntilwhenwheneverwherewhereaswhereverwhetherwhilewhy

Here room the family member pronouns:

Relative Pronouns
thatwhichwhicheverwhowhoeverwhomwhosewhoseverwhomever

Now review these examples:

After Amy sneezed all over the tuna salad

After = low grade conjunction;Amy = subject;sneezed = verb.

Once Adam smashed the spider

Once = low grade conjunction;Adam = subject;smashed = verb.

Until Mr. Sanchez has actually his first cup of coffee

Until = low grade conjunction;Mr. Sanchez = subject;has = verb.

Who ate handfuls of bran flakes v his bare hands

Who = loved one pronoun (functioning together the subject); ate = verb.

Remember this essential point: A subordinate clause cannot was standing alone together a sentence because the reader is left wondering, "So what happened?" once a word group begins with a funding letter and ends through a period, you must incorporate at the very least onemain i to finish the thought. Otherwise, you have actually written a fragment, a significant error.

After Amy sneezed everywhere the tuna salad.

So what happened? go Amy litter the salad under the rubbish disposal or serve it on toast to she friends? No complete thought = fragment.

Once Adam smashed the spider.

So what happened? walk Belinda cheer him because that his bravery or lecture him on pet rights? No complete thought = fragment.

Until Mr. Sanchez has his first cup that coffee.

So what happens? Is he also sleepy to work, or does he have actually a grumpy disposition? No finish thought = fragment.

Who ate handfuls of bran flakes with his bare hands.

So what happened? were the roommates shocked, or go they ask that to happen the cereal box so that they could do the same? No finish thought = fragment.

Punctuate a subordinate clause correctly.

When you attach a subordinate clause in prior ofamain clause, use a comma:

Subordinate i + , +Main Clause.

Even despite the broccoli was extended in cheddar cheese, Emily refused to eat it.

Unless Christine finishes her calculus homework, she will need to suffer Professor Nguyen's wrath in course tomorrow.

While Bailey slept on the sofa in former of the television, Samson, the household dog, gnawed ~ above the foot of the coffee table.

When you connect a subordinate i at the end of a key clause, girlfriend will generally use no punctuation:

Main clause + Ø + subordinate Clause.

Tanya walk poorly top top her history exambecause her finest friend Giselle insisted on gossiping during their research session the night before.

Jonathon invested his course time reading comic bookssince his median was a 45 one week prior to final exams.

Diane decided to plant tomatoes in the ago yardwhere the sun blazed the longest during the day.

Punctuation it s okay tricky with adjective clauses.

An adjective clause is a subordinate clause that begins with a relative pronoun such together who, which, or that.

This type of clause requires no punctuation as soon as it isessential and comma(s) once it isnonessential. How do friend make that determination?

When the information in the i clarifies a basic noun, the clause is essential and also will monitor the same pattern the you saw above:

Main clause + Ø + important Adjective Clause.

Nick provided a handful of potato chips to the dogthat was sniffing around the picnic table.

Dog is a general noun. I m sorry one room we talk about? The adjective i that was sniffing about the picnic table clarifies which pet we mean. The clause is hence essential and requires no punctuation.

When the adjective clause complies with a specific noun, the punctuation changes. The information in the i does not have the very same importance, so the clause becomes nonessential, requiring a comma to connect it.

Main i + , + Nonessential Adjective Clause.

Nick gave a grasp of potato chips come Button,who was sniffing approximately the picnic table.

Button, the surname of a unique dog, allows us recognize which pet we mean. The info in the adjective i has decreased impact, which you indicate with the comma.

Adjective rule can likewise interrupt a main clause. When this happens, use no point for an essential clause. Yet if the clause is nonessential, different it with a comma in front and a comma behind.

Read this examples:

After dripping mustard all over his chest, the manwho to be wearing a red shirts wished the he had actually instead liked ketchup for his hotdog.

After dripping mustard almost everywhere his chest, Charles,who to be wearing a red shirt, wished the he had actually instead preferred ketchup because that his hotdog.

Use subordination to integrate ideas effectively.

Writers use subordination to incorporate two concepts into a single sentence.

Read these two an easy sentences:

Rhonda gasped. A six-foot line slithered throughout the sidewalk.

Since the two straightforward sentences are related, you can integrate them come express the action more effectively:

Rhonda gasped when a six-foot snake slithered across the sidewalk.

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If the two concepts have unequal importance, save the most necessary one for the finish of the sentence so that your readers remember the best.

If us rewrite the example above so the the two ideas are flipped, the wrong point gets emphasized:

When a six-foot snake slithered across the next walk, Rhonda gasped.

Readers room less concerned with Rhonda's reaction 보다 the presence of a huge snake top top the sidewalk!

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