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Samuel Adams portrait. Samuel Okey. 1775. National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.

On the night of the American Revolution, Samuel Adams, Dr. Joseph Warren, James Otis, and other Patriot leaders in Boston known the importance of cumulative resistance, the power of correspondence, and an ext importantly the crucial significance of town meetings. They well-known that in order to gain renowned support they essential to break-up the stamin of the towns away indigenous British rule. Their very first step was to get influence in town meetings transparent Massachusetts, which were primarily conquered by Loyalists, although at this time the number of Patriot pendant was cultivation rapidly. In Boston on Monday, November 2, 1772, they arranged a city meeting at Faneuil Hall and also garnered enough support to vote in a resolution to create a standing Committee of Correspondence. The function of the Boston Committee the Correspondence to be to “Prepare a statement of the legal rights of the colonists, and also of this district in particular, as men, as Christians, and as subjects; Prepare a statements of the infringement that those rights; and Prepare a letter come be sent out to all the communities of this province and to the world, giving the sense of this town.”


The very first communication the Boston Committee of Correspondence sent out to the towns of Massachusetts to be a perform of grievances they had actually with Britain and a request that their views be endorsed. Accompanying the perform of grievances to be a request that asked because that “a free communication of your sentiments to this town, the our typical danger”. The list consisted of the adhering to grievances:


i. “British Parliament has actually assumed strength of regulation for the colonists without your consent.”
ii. “Parliament has actually raised illegal revenues.”
iii. “Tax collectors have actually been appointed by the Crown, a right reserved to the province.”
iv. “Tax collectors space entrusted v power too absolute and also arbitrary. Private premises space exposed to search.”
vi. “Tax revenue has been provided by King to salary provincial federal government officers, making lock dependent on him, in violation of the charter.”
vii. “General assemblies are forced to meet in inconvenient places. Activities of the council have been limited.”
ix. “Restraints room placed versus iron mills, hat manufacture, and also transport; wool cannot be lugged over a ferry; numerous other businesses are curtailed.”
x. “Colonists accused that destroying any kind of British naval residential property are to it is in transported to England for trial.”
xii. “Parliament is making frequent change of the border of the colonies, not according come charter.”

Immediately following the issuing that the list of grievances, the bulk of communities in Massachusetts take it stock in the example collection by the Boston Committee that Correspondence and established a network that Committees the Correspondence transparent the colony of Massachusetts. The surname Committee that Correspondence aided garner support during this radical period. Fairly than being singular in title, the word “committee” dead no classic ring and also carried much more moral strength in the psychic of the homesteaders than a inquiry from a single representative or even a single town would have.

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Function

Soon after ~ the development of the Boston Committee that Correspondence and the network the Committees of correspondence which quickly sprung up almost everywhere Massachusetts, in the feather of 1773 Committees of correspondence were developed in the swarms of Rhode Island, Connecticut, new Hampshire, and also South Carolina. By February 1774, eleven of the Thirteen Colonies, not included Pennsylvania and North Carolina, had established networks of Committees that Correspondence. In terms of power, by early 1774 the Committees the Correspondence had actually superseded the early american legislature and royal officials in the Thirteen Colonies. The Committees of post were significant in revolutionizing the city meeting indigenous discussions of regional matters to far-reaching global politics. In effect, the city meeting became the action-level for the Patriot cause. These meetings offered as a means for the involved citizenry to voice their opinions about the grievances they had with Britain.

The primary duty of the Committees that Correspondence was the championing and also implementation that the Patriot reason through diplomatic means. The large network of Committees of Correspondence offered as a an effective pipeline v which information could be sent to all of the Thirteen Colonies. The Committees that Correspondence served as a well-calculated Patriot network because that the circulation of news and also information as it pertained to grievances v Britain native the major cities to the rural communities. The Committees that Correspondence were responsible because that ensuring the info they disseminated to be accurate and also reflected the views of their neighborhood parent governments on certain issues, the early american interpretation of brother policy, and also that the information they authorize was sent to the appropriate factions. Information was disseminated by the Committees of Correspondence throughout the Thirteen nests through pamphlets and letters brought by post riders or onboard ships. Additionally, newspapers served as an important tools and communiqués for the network that Committees the Correspondence. The Boston Committee of post relied top top the Boston Gazette and Massachusetts Spy as a principle method of disseminating information concerning the Patriot cause and also grievances v Britain. The Committees of Correspondence supported manufacturing in the Thirteen Colonies and advised colonists not to buy items imported native Britain.

The score of the Committees of Correspondence throughout the Thirteen colonies was to educate voters of the usual threat they challenged from their mother country – Britain. The bulk of the members the the Committees of post were likewise members the their regional chapters that the an enig Patriot organization the sons of Liberty. They set up espionage networks to identify disloyal elements and also disenfranchised royal officials. The Maryland Committee of correspondence was prominent in creating the first Continental Congress. Lock convened in Philadelphia in September and October the 1774 come petition Britain to repeal the Intolerable Acts. Committees that Correspondence worked in conjunction with the Committees of Safety, official Councils of war – i m sorry had remained in existence due to the fact that the 17th century. The Committees that Safety, prefer the Committees of Correspondence, were developed on the night of the American transformation throughout the Thirteen nests in response to tensions with Britain and empowered committees to “alarm, muster, and cause to it is in assembled” as lot of the provincial militia as essential at any type of time. The Committees of Correspondence and also the Committees of Safety, many notably in Massachusetts, were influential in the organizing, training, and also arming the Patriot militias and establishing providers of minute males prior to the outbreak that the American change on April 19, 1775, at Lexington and Concord. Committees that Correspondence noted the politics organization essential to unite the Thirteen colonies in opposition to Britain. As a political entity, the Committees the Correspondence were replaced throughout the American revolution by the more formal and also qualified Provincial Congresses but they still ongoing to duty at the neighborhood level.


The Committees that Correspondence might hardly insurance claim to it is in the voice that the bulk of homesteaders in the Thirteen Colonies, yet their voice to be the loudest and most broadcast of every the factions.

With what showed up as great support and acceptance throughout the Thirteen Colonies, Committees of post were seen as a major grievance to pendant of the Loyalist cause. In July 1774 in Worcester, Massachusetts – a hotbed that Patriot support- a letter signed by fifty-two “free men” declared the following denouncing the Committees that Correspondence together rebellious: “The committees of correspondence in the number of towns of this province, gift creatures of contemporary invention, and also constituted as they be, room a windy grievance; having actually no legit foundation; contrived by a junto, come serve certain designs and purposes of their own; and also that they, together they have been, and now are managed in this town, space a nuisance.” The Committees that Correspondence might hardly insurance claim to be the voice the the bulk of colonists in the Thirteen Colonies, yet their voice was the loudest and also most broadcasted of all the factions. It was very easy to establish and type a local Committee the Correspondence. Any type of localized team of Patriots could kind a committee and also join the huge network of Committees that Correspondence and also serve together the Patriot voice because that their corresponding region. Roughly, 7,000 to 8,000 Patriots offered as delegates at the local and colony level ~ above the assorted Committees of Correspondence. Nonetheless, the influence and also implications that the Committees of Correspondence were enormous and directly resulted in the outbreak the the American Revolution.

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The Tea Party Connection

With arrival of the Dartmouth, Eleanor, and Beaver carrying cargoes that British east India firm Tea, the Boston Committee that Correspondence was charged with regulating the “tea crisis” in so late 1773. The Boston Committee that Correspondence was the driving pressure of the December 16, 1773, Boston Tea Party, which was lugged out by the young of Liberty. Samuel Adams was the prominent leader the both organizations. The meetings in November and December at the Old south Meeting residence held before the Boston Tea Party were organized by the Boston Committee of Correspondence and also the young of Liberty. Samuel Adams dubbed upon the Committees of post from throughout Massachusetts for support, calling lock to it is in in “readiness in the many resolute manner to assist this city in their initiatives for conserving this oppressed country”.


Samuel Adams dubbed upon the Committees the Correspondent from transparent Massachusetts because that support, calling them to it is in in “readiness in the most resolute path to assist this city in their initiatives for conserving this oppressed country.”

Immediately adhering to the December 16, 1773, Boston Tea Party, Samuel Adams communicated the news that the Boston Tea Party v the large networks of the Committees that Correspondence throughout the Thirteen Colonies. In letters dated as early as December 17, Samuel Adams reported on the event and emphasized the devastation of the “detested tea” took place “without the least Injury to the ship or any type of other property”. Home rights were among Samuel Adams’ main arguments against British taxation, therefore he had actually to make clear the only damage the Boston Tea Party resulted in was the devastation of the tea. Paul Revere rode to Manhattan, brand-new York, showing up on December 21 to supply the Boston Committee of Correspondence’s report of the destruction of the tea. The Boston Committee of Correspondence report the following: “We had actually a better Meeting that the Body 보다 ever. The country coming in indigenous Twenty miles round, and every step was taken that was practicable for returning the Teas. The moment it was known out the Doors, that Mr. Rotch could not achieve a pass for his delivery by the Castle, a number of People huzza’d in the Street, and in a very little Time, every oz of the Teas on board of Capt. Hall, Bruce, and Coffin, was immersed in the Bay, there is no the least Injury to exclusive Property. The spirit of the human being on this occasion surprised every Parties, who viewed the Scene.”


Boston Tea Party pearls & Museum