The history of the Forbidden Citydates earlier to 1406 as soon as Emperor Yongle that the Ming Dynasty chose to build an imperial palace in Beijing, modeled after ~ the one in Nanjing. Fourteen years later, the construction of the magnificent palace was finished. It operated as the political facility of China because that over 500 years until the Qing dynasty was overthrown in 1911. Later on in 1925, the Forbidden City was transformed right into the palace Museum to display traditional Chinese architecture, rare treasures and also curiosities. In 1987, it was claimed a World cultural Heritage site by UNESCO.

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Upon ascending the throne, Ming Emperor Yongle determined to relocate the funding city from Nanjing come Beijing and ordered the building and construction of an royal palace, i beg your pardon was dubbed the Forbidden City, in main Beijing. The royal residence was designed by the an excellent architect Kuai Xiang. Much more than 230 thousand artisans and millions of job participated in the construction. In1420, the splendid royal palace was completed and also Emperor Yongle relocated in. Ever due to the fact that then the Forbidden City operated as the political facility of the Ming Dynasty. Thirteen succeeding majesties of the Ming Dynasty additionally worked and dwelled there through their royal families.

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However, throughout the so late Ming empire there to be peasant uprisings everywhere the country. The Peasant Uprising led by Li Zicheng to be the many broad-based and an effective one. The rebels defeated the royal troops, and also occupied the Forbidden City. In consequence, the Ming Dynasty pertained to an end in 1644 v the self-destruction of its critical Emperor Chongzhen. Later, Regent Dorgon of the Qing Dynasty, a program from northeast China, notified his army to struggle southward. The troops led by Regent Dorgon beat the military of Li Zicheng, and also seized the Forbidden City. Thereafter, the ten Qing emperors exercised their supreme power from the Forbidden City.

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Puyi - the critical Emperorever resided in Forbidden City

Before the retreat, Li Zicheng shed down most of the palaces and halls in the Forbidden City. After moving right into the royal city, Emperor Shunzhi the the Qing empire spent fourteen year renovating the major buildings follow me the main axis. Various other damaged structures were rebuilt and restored from 1683 to 1695. More importantly, Emperor Qianlong made some alterations and enlargements throughout his power from 1735 to 1796, return the Forbidden City to its vault scale.


After judgment the country for about three centuries, the Qing dynasty was overthrown by revolutionaries in 1911. Emperor Puyi abdicated, and the Forbidden City end to serve as the country’s politics center. However, the was permitted to live in the Forbidden City till 1924. In 1925, the Forbidden City to be transformed into the royal residence Museum and also opened to the public. Thus, the secret of the royal city was unveiled gradually, and also became known to the simple people.
After the Sino-Japanese War damaged out, millions of rare treasures and curiosities to be packed into over 15 thousands boxes, and also transported to Shanghai, and from over there to Nanjing to protect against them from being destroyed. Finally, they to be transported come Sichuan province, and stored in three various locations till the finish of the war in 1945. In 1947, these social relics to be transported back to Nanjing. Throughout the Civil war (1945-1949), around three thousand boxes that the 15 thousands boxes the rare treasures were moved to Taiwan, and also were maintained in the Taipei palace Museum. In 1951, much more than 10 thousands boxes of treasures were transported ago to the palace Museum in Beijing, if the rest stayed in the Nanjing Museum. Finally, these national treasures came ago home ~ a collection of journeys and wars, and the palace Museum was re-opened come the public.
In 1961, the royal residence Museum was declared a an essential national historical and social relic under state protection and also was provided as a World cultural Heritage site in 1987. Because the museum had actually not to be repaired for years, the palaces and halls had become worn-out. Some also collapsed. The royal residence Museum was in dire require of repair and also renovation. A massive restoration started in 2002, and also will last till 2021. Hopefully, the royal city will current its beauty and magnificence to later on generations.
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Timeline the Forbidden City history (Click to enlarge)

TimeEvents
1406The construction of the royal palace begins
1420The construction of the imperial palace is finished.
1421The three main halls in the external courtare burned down in a fire.
1440The three main halls and the palace of Heavenly Purityare restored.
1459The palaces along the west wingare built.
1557The three key halls in the external court, the Meridian Gate, and also other buildingsare burned down in a fire.The remodeling lasts 4 years until 1561.
1597The 3 mains halls in the outer court and the three key halls in the inside courtare burned down in a huge fire.The restoration lasts thirty years till 1627.
1644Li Zicheng rectal the imperial palace, and the Ming dynasty ends.Li burns most of the structures in the imperial city prior to retreat.Emperor Shunzhi of being successful Qing empire move the funding city from Shenyang come Beijing.Emperor Shunzhi rebuild the structures along the main axisduring the next fourteen years.
1683The reconstruction of other structures starts and lasts twelve years till 1695.
1735Emperor Qianlong ascend the throne. That enlarges and also alters the imperial city throughout his regime from 1735 to 1796.
1813The Forbidden Cityis assaulted during a peasant uprising led by Lin Qing.
1900Beijingis managed by the Eight-Nation Alliance Forces. They host a military review in Forbidden City.
1911The Qing empire ends v the breakout the the transformation of 1911.Emperor Puyi is no much longer emperor however still allowed to dwell in the inner court that the royal palace.
1923A good fire breaks out in the palace of developing Happiness (Jianfugong).
1924Emperor Puyiis driven out that theimperial palacein a coup.
1925The royal cityis transformed into the palace Museum.
1933A large number of cultural relics in the palaceare moved to southern China for far better protection ~ the Sino-Japanese battle breaks out.
1948About 3 thousand box of the social relicsaretransported to Taiwan during Civil War.
1949The palace Museumis reopened to the general public after the war.
In the 1950s and also 1960sRenovation that the museum is placed forward by many people, yet laid aside for assorted reasons.
1961The palace Museumis provided in the very first group the the an essential historical and social relics under state protection.
1987The royal residence Museumis asserted a World social Heritage site by UNESCO.

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2002A large-scale restoration of the museum is begun, and will last till 2021.
Further Reading: Forbidden City facts