One person responsible for making Florence a wealthy location was Cosimo de’ Medici that took over the family bank in 1430s. The Medici bank innovated in bookkeeping, debit-and-credit-accounting and also by managing the fortunes the the wealthy, ended up being wealthy themselves. Commercial advance brought prosperity. Money and goods flowed right into Italy indigenous all approximately the world and also Italy to be rich. One of the determinants that caused the Renaissance to occur in Italy was this wealth and also patronage that wealthy civilization like the Medici. That was not it though. Over there was another important factor: the exploration of the past. The Tides of background podcast episode on the Renaissance take away a depths look.
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As the cities came to be wealthy, over there was investment in art, education and also architecture. The urbanized Italians, who had actually morphed right into a society of ideas, had actually lots of concerns on together topics and also they uncovered their answer in old Rome. It noted them guidance on education, linguistics and art, political ideology. There to be a yearning for the past and also it to be a time of rebirth and also the old to be respectable due to the fact that it to be tried and tested before.
The Italians understood that there to be a glorious past and then a fall. Roman concepts had continued to be for more than half a millennia and was durable and also reverence for the Roman past spread everywhere. This rediscovery resulted in a social revolution and also from Italy, it diffused right into a more comprehensive Europe and also freed Europe from its dark past into what they called Enlightenment. (But what they did to be to enslave remainder of the world and so europe progress has to be seen with a huge sack of salt)
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Why walk Renaissance occur in Italy and not elsewhere. It to be not just wealth and also the rediscovery of classics that brought about the Renaissance come happen. There to be a rediscovery that the old classics in the 9th century and also later again in the 12th. Yet what made the 14th century rediscovery different was the depth and scale to which human being went into the classics. Main and northern Italy was urban. If there to be only five cities through a population much more than 40,000 north of the Alps, there to be two through 100,000 in Tuscany alone there were many cities surrounding by the countryside. In the 9th and 12th centuries, only a tiny population was literate. Contrasted to that literacy rates in 14th century Italy was high. That created a culture of ideas instead of a small group of intellectual elite.