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Engraving of man C. Calhoun, 1873Tennessee historical Society picture Collection

Convincing conference to explain war against one of the mightiest armed forces powers in the civilization was no easy task. Countless Democratic-Republican members of the Twelfth Congress, which convened in November 1811, insisted that an excellent Britain had actually violated America"s honor once too often. Young, energetic politicians, greatly from the South and also the West and also known as war Hawks, initiated law designed to command the United says towards war.

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Leaders of this group consisted of Henry Clay that Kentucky, john C. Calhoun of south Carolina, and also Felix Grundy that Tennessee. Grundy, in particular, set the tone because that the war Hawks by proclaiming he would rather have actually war than further "submit" to British insults. Adversaries of the war Hawks cynically blamed the battle of 1812 on "James Madison, Felix Grundy, and the Devil." The rhetoric that the war Hawks, much of it published in the newspapers of the day, thrived in inflaming the anti-British sentiments that had been festering due to the fact that the American Revolution. The was not by coincidence the the war Hawks referred to as the impending contest with great Britain the "second war for independence."

Tennessee"s battle Hawks:


John SevierLibrary photograph Collection

John Sevier(1745-1815)

John Sevier led Continental pressures to victory at King"s Mountain throughout the American transformation and fought numerous battles with indigenous Americans prior to Tennessee statehood. He served as the an initial governor of Tennessee and also was elected to congress in 1811. He top the military Affairs Committee the the U.S. Residence of Representatives during the war of 1812.


Felix GrundyTennessee historic Society picture Collection

Felix Grundy of Nashville offered in the U.S. Residence of Representatives and also emerged as a nationwide leader the the war Hawks. He was well-known as the greatest defense lawyer in both Tennessee and Kentucky and also he later served in the U.S. Senate and as Attorney basic of the United claims under president Martin van Buren.


George Washington CampbellLibrary photograph Collection

George Washington Campbell was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1811 and served together Chairman of the Committee on military Affairs. He resigned native the Senate in 1814 to expropriate the place of Secretary the the Treasury in chairman James Madison"s cabinet.

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John RheaTennessee historical Society picture Collection

As a representative of Sullivan county in the Tennessee basic Assembly, man Rhea led the committee that drafted the guiding rule of the legislature. He gone into into nationwide politics in 1802 and was a member that the home of Representatives until 1823. Rhea was a champion of states" rights and an support of higher education. Amongst other beforehand institutions, he was a founder that Blount College, which later became the college of Tennessee in Knoxville.