Growing up in the Kennedy Family

Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, who was a an extremely disciplined and organized woman, make the following entry ~ above a notecard, when her second child was born:

John Fitzgerald Kennedy Born Brookline, Mass. (83 Beals Street) may 29, 1917 


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In all, increased Fitzgerald Kennedy would have actually nine children, 4 boys and also five girls. She preserved notecards for each of lock in a little wooden file box and made a point of creating down whatever from a doctor’s visit come the shoe dimension they had actually at a specific age. Man Fitzgerald Kennedy was named in respect of Rose’s father, john Francis Fitzgerald, the Boston market popularly well-known as honey Fitz. Before long, family and also friends called this little blue-eyed baby, Jack. Jack was not a very healthy baby, and Rose recorded on his notecard the childhood illness from which that suffered, such as: "whooping cough, measles, chicken pox."

On February 20, 1920 when Jack was not yet three years old, he ended up being sick through scarlet fever, a highly contagious and also then possibly life-threatening disease. His father, Joseph Patrick Kennedy, to be terrified that tiny Jack would die. Mr. Kennedy saw the hospital every job to be by his young side, and about a month later Jack take it a rotate for the far better and recovered. But Jack to be never an extremely healthy, and because the was constantly suffering indigenous one ailment or one more his family members used come joke around the great risk a mosquito absorbed biting him – with some of his blood the mosquito was almost sure come die! 

When Jack to be three, the Kennedys moved to a new home a few blocks far from their old residence in Brookline, a ar just exterior of Boston. It was a lovely house with twelve rooms, turreted windows, and also a big porch. Full of energy and also ambition, Jack’s dad worked really hard at ending up being a successful businessman. Once he was a student at Harvard College and also having a challenging time installation in as an irish Catholic, he swore to self he would make a million dollars through the period of 35. There was a the majority of prejudice against Irish Catholics in Boston at that time, yet Joseph Kennedy was figured out to succeed. Jack’s great-grandparents had come from Ireland and managed to provide for your families, despite plenty of hardships. Jack’s grandfathers did even much better for themselves, both ending up being prominent Boston politicians. Jack, because of all his household had done, might enjoy a an extremely comfortable life. The Kennedys had everything they needed and also more. By the moment Jack to be eight there to be seven youngsters altogether. Jack had actually an older brother, Joe; four sisters, Rosemary, Kathleen, Eunice, and also Patricia; and a younger brother, Robert. Jean and Teddy hadn’t been born yet. Nannies and also housekeepers helped Rose run the household. 


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At the end of the school year, the Kennedy children would go to your summer home in Hyannis harbor on Cape Cod wherein they appreciated swimming, sailing, and also playing touch football. The Kennedy children played hard, and also they enjoyed completing with one another. Joseph Sr. Encouraged this competition, especially among the boys.

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He to be a father with an extremely high expectations and wanted the boys to victory at sports and everything they tried. Together he regularly said, "When the going it s okay tough, the challenging get going." however sometimes this competitions went also far. One time when Joe suggested that he and also Jack gyeongju on their bicycles, they collided head-on. Joe emerged unscathed while Jack had to have twenty-eight stitches. Because Joe was two years older and also stronger 보다 Jack, whenever castle fought, Jack would certainly usually acquire the worst that it. Jack was the only sibling that posed any kind of real threat to Joe’s dominant position as the oldest child.

Jack was an extremely popular and had countless friends in ~ Choate, a boarding institution for adolescent guys in Connecticut. He played tennis, basketball, football, and also golf and additionally enjoyed reading. His girlfriend Lem Billings remembers exactly how unusual the was that Jack had actually a day-to-day subscription come the New York Times. Jack had actually a "clever, individualist mind," his Head understand once noted, despite he was not the best student. He did not constantly work as tough as he could, other than in background and English, which were his favorite subjects.

"Now Jack," his father composed in a letter one day, "I don’t desire to give the impression that ns am a nagger, for goodness knows ns think that is the worse thing any parent have the right to be, and I also feel that you recognize if i didn’t really feeling you had actually the items I would certainly be most charitable in my mindset toward your failings. After lengthy experience in sizing up civilization I certainly know you have the goods and you have the right to go a long way…It is very daunting to comprise fundamentals the you have neglected when you were really young, and also that is why i am urging friend to carry out the finest you can. Ns am not expecting as well much, and I will certainly not it is in disappointed if girlfriend don’t turn out to be a actual genius, however I think you have the right to be a really worthwhile citizen with great judgment and understanding." 

Jack graduated from Choate and also entered Harvard in 1936, where Joe was currently a student. Favor his brother Joe, Jack play football. The was not as good an athlete together Joe but he had actually a many determination and perseverance. Unfortunately, at some point while playing he ruptured a disc in his spine. Jack never really recovered from this accident and also his back continued to stroked nerves him for the remainder of his life. The two eldest boys were attractive, agreeable, and also intelligent young men and Mr. Kennedy had high hopes for lock both. However, it was Joe who had announced to everyone when he was a young boy that he would certainly be the very first Catholic to end up being President. No one wondered about him for a moment. Jack, on the other hand, appeared somewhat much less ambitious. He was energetic in college student groups and also sports and also he functioned hard in his background and government classes, though his qualities remained only average.

Late in 1937, Mr. Kennedy to be appointed United says Ambassador come England and moved there v his entirety family, through the exception of Joe and Jack who were in ~ Harvard. Due to the fact that of his father’s job, Jack became really interested in europe politics and world affairs. After ~ a summer visit to England and also other countries in Europe, Jack went back to Harvard much more eager to find out about background and government and also to store up with present events. Joe and Jack generally received letters from their father in England, who notified them the the latest news concerning the conflicts and also tensions that everyone fear would soon blow up into a full-scale war. Adolph Hitler rule Germany and also Benito Mussolini ruled Italy. They both had strong armies and also wanted to take it land from other countries. Top top September 1, 1939, Germany attacked Poland and World battle II began. 

By this time, Jack to be a an elderly at Harvard and decided to write his thesis on why great Britain was unprepared for war through Germany. It was later published as a publication called Why England Slept. In June 1940, Jack i graduated from Harvard. His father sent out him a cablegram from London: "TWO things I always KNEW around YOU ONE the YOU space SMART two THAT YOU are A SWELL man LOVE DAD."

World war II and a Future in Politics

Soon after graduating, both Joe and also Jack join the Navy. Joe was a flyer and also sent to Europe, while Jack to be made sublievenant (Lt.) and assigned to the southern Pacific together commander that a patrol torpedo boat, the PT-109. 


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Lt. Kennedy had actually a crew the twelve men whose mission to be to stop Japanese ships indigenous delivering offers to their soldiers. ~ above the night of august 2, 1943, Lt. Kennedy’s crew patrolled the waters feather for opponent ships to sink. A Japanese destroyer suddenly came to be visible. But it to be traveling at complete speed and headed directly at them. Holding the wheel, Lt. Kennedy tried to swerve the end of the way, but to no avail. The much bigger Japanese warship rammed the PT-109, dividing it in fifty percent and killing 2 of Lt. Kennedy’s men. The others regulated to run off together their boat went increase in flames. Lt. Kennedy to be slammed hard against the cockpit, as soon as again injuring his weak back. Patrick McMahon, among his crew members, had horrible burns ~ above his face and hands and also was prepared to provide up. In the darkness, Lt. Kennedy managed to find McMahon and haul him earlier to where the other survivors were clinging to a item of the boat that was still afloat. In ~ sunrise, Lt. Kennedy led his males toward a tiny island number of miles away. Regardless of his very own injuries, Lt. Kennedy had the ability to tow Patrick McMahon ashore, a strap native McMahon’s life coat clenched between his teeth. Six days later two native islanders discovered them and also went because that help, delivering a blog post Jack had sculpted into a piece of coconut shell. The next day, the PT-109 crew was rescued. Jack’s brother Joe was no so lucky. He passed away a year later when his aircraft blew up throughout a attention mission in Europe. 

When he returned home, Jack to be awarded the Navy and also Marine Corps Medal because that his leadership and also courage. With the war ultimately coming come an end, it was time to select the type of job-related he want to do. Jack had actually considered becoming a teacher or a writer, but with Joe’s tragic fatality suddenly every little thing changed. After significant discussions v Jack about his future, Joseph Kennedy persuaded him the he need to run because that Congress in Massachusetts" eleventh conference district, where he won in 1946. This to be the beginning of Jack’s politics career. Together the years went on, john F. Kennedy, a Democrat, offered three state (six years) in the house of Representatives, and in 1952 the was elected to the united state Senate. 

Soon ~ being chosen senator, man F. Kennedy, in ~ 36 years of age, married 24 year-old Jacqueline Bouvier, a writer with the Washington Times-Herald. Unfortunately, beforehand in their marriage, city council Kennedy’s earlier started come hurt again and he had actually two serious operations. When recovering native surgery, he wrote a book about several us Senators who had actually risked your careers come fight because that the things in which they believed. The book, called Profiles in Courage, to be awarded the Pulitzer Prize for biography in 1957. That very same year, the Kennedys’ an initial child, Caroline, was born. 

John F. Kennedy was coming to be a well-known politician. In 1956 that was almost picked to operation for angry president. Kennedy nonetheless made decision that he would run because that president in the following election.

He began working really long hours and traveling all roughly the United states on weekends. ~ above July 13, 1960 the democratic party nominated him as its candidate for president. Kennedy asked lindon B. Johnson, a senator indigenous Texas, to run through him together vice president. In the general election on November 8, 1960, Kennedy defeated the Republican Vice chairman Richard M. Nixon in a really close race. At the period of 43, Kennedy to be the youngest man elected president and the very first Catholic. Prior to his inauguration, his second child, john Jr., was born. His father preferred to call him John-John.

John F. Kennedy i do not care The 35th president of the united States

John F. Kennedy was sworn in together the 35th chairman on January 20, 1961. In his inaugural decided he speak of the require for every Americans come be active citizens. "Ask no what your nation can execute for you, asking what you have the right to do for your country," the said. He additionally asked the countries of the civilization to join together to fight what he called the "common adversaries of man: tyranny, poverty, disease, and also war itself." president Kennedy, together with his wife and two children, lugged a new, youthful spirit to the White House. The Kennedys thought that the White house should it is in a location to celebrate American history, culture, and also achievement. They invited artists, writers, scientists, poets, musicians, actors, and athletes come visit them. Jacqueline Kennedy likewise shared she husband"s attention in American history. Gathering several of the ideal art and also furniture the united States had actually produced, she revitalized all the rooms in the White residence to do it a location that truly reflected America’s background and creative creativity. Anyone was impressed and appreciated her difficult work. The White House also seemed like a funny place since of the Kennedys’ two young children, Caroline and John-John. There to be a pre-school, a swimming pool, and a tree-house external on the White home lawn. President Kennedy was most likely the busiest guy in the country, however he still discovered time to laugh and play v his children. However, the president likewise had countless worries. One of the things he worried around most was the opportunity of atom war in between the united States and the Soviet Union. The knew the if there to be a war, millions of people would die. Due to the fact that World war II, there had been a the majority of anger and also suspicion in between the 2 countries yet never any type of shooting between Soviet and American troops. This "Cold War", which was unlike any type of other battle the people had seen, was really a struggle between the Soviet Union"s communist system of government and also the joined States" democratic system. Due to the fact that they distrusted each other, both nations spent enormous quantities of money structure nuclear weapons. Over there were plenty of times when the struggle in between the Soviet Union and also the united States could have finished in nuclear war, such together in Cuba during the 1962 missile situation or over the separated city that Berlin. President Kennedy worked long hours, acquiring up in ~ seven and also not going to bed until eleven or twelve in ~ night, or later. He check out six papers while that ate breakfast, had meetings through important world throughout the day, and also read reports from his advisers. He wanted to make sure that the made the best decisions because that his country. "I am questioning each the you to be brand-new pioneers in that new Frontier," he said. The brand-new Frontier was not a place however a way of thinking and also acting. President Kennedy want the United says to move forward into the future with brand-new discoveries in science and also improvements in education, employment and also other fields. He want democracy and freedom because that the whole world. One of the first things chairman Kennedy did was to create the peace Corps. V this program, which still exists today, Americans deserve to volunteer to work almost everywhere in the civilization where assistance is needed. Lock can help in areas such together education, farming, health and wellness care, and construction. Plenty of young men and also women have actually served as peace Corps volunteers and have won the respect of human being throughout the world. 

President Kennedy was additionally eager for the United claims to lead the way in trying out space. The Soviet Union was ahead that the United claims in its room program and also President Kennedy was figured out to capture up. The said, "No country which expects to it is in the leader of various other nations deserve to expect to continue to be behind in this gyeongju for space." Kennedy to be the first president to ask congress to approve more than 22 exchange rate dollars for job Apollo, which had the score of landing an American male on the moon prior to the finish of the decade. President Kennedy had actually to resolve many serious troubles here in the united States. The biggest problem of every was gyeongju discrimination. The us Supreme Court had ruled in 1954 that segregation in public institutions would no longer be permitted. Black and white children, the decision mandated, need to go to college together. This was currently the law of the land. However, over there were plenty of schools, specifically in southern states, that did not obey this law. There was likewise racial segregation on buses, in restaurants, movie theaters, and other publicly places.

Thousands of Americans join together, people of every races and also backgrounds, come protest peacefully this injustice.

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Martin Luther King Jr. Was one of the renowned leaders that the movement for civil rights. Plenty of civil legal rights leaders no think chairman Kennedy was supportive sufficient of their efforts. The President thought that holding publicly protests would just anger many white people and make it even more difficult to convince the members the Congress who didn"t agree v him to pass civil civil liberties laws. Through June 11, 1963, however, president Kennedy decided that the time had involved take stronger activity to assist the civil legal rights struggle. He proposed a new Civil rights bill come the Congress, and also he walk on tv asking americans to end racism. "One century of delay have passed due to the fact that President Lincoln freed the slaves, yet your heirs, their grandsons, are not completely free," that said. "This country was started by males of numerous nations and also backgrounds… on the principle that all men are created equal." president Kennedy made the clear that all Americans, nevertheless of your skin color, need to enjoy a great and happy life in the unified States. 

The president is Shot

On November 21, 1963, chairman Kennedy flew to Texas to provide several political speeches. The following day, together his car drove progressively past cheering crowds in Dallas, shots rang out. Kennedy was seriously wounded and died a brief time later. In ~ a few hours of the shooting, police arrested Lee Harvey Oswald and charged him through the murder. ~ above November 24, one more man, Jack Ruby, shot and also killed Oswald, hence silencing the only human being who might have offered much more information around this catastrophic event. The Warren board of directors was organized to investigate the assassination and also to clarification the countless questions which remained. 

The heritage of john F. Kennedy

President Kennedy"s death caused enormous sadness and grief among all Americans. Most civilization still remember exactly where castle were and also what they were doing as soon as they heard the news. Numerous thousands of civilization gathered in Washington for the President"s funeral, and also millions transparent the world watched it on television. As the years have actually gone by and also other presidents have written your chapters in history, man Kennedy"s brief time in office stands out in people"s memories because that his leadership, personality, and also accomplishments. Numerous respect his coolness when confronted with daunting decisions--like what to do around Soviet missiles in Cuba in 1962. Others admire his capability to inspire civilization with his eloquent speeches. Still rather think his compassion and also his willingness to fight for new government program to help the poor, the elderly and also the ok were many important. Prefer all leaders, man Kennedy do mistakes, but he was always optimistic around the future. He believed that people could solve their usual problems if they put their country"s interests first and operated together.